How to write a term paper?
For each student enrolled in higher education, sooner or later the question arises with the writing coursework. In many cases this comes as a surprise. Someone frantically begins to bypass his fellow students in the hope of finding a finished job, someone tries to write himself. At this stage, some students even get acquainted with a brochure called “Methodology” and consider that the work is done. Other students go further, they open the training manual, try to figure it out, use the Internet, where they are offered a huge amount of information and various term papers (unknown written by and unknown unknown read). Without good basic training, all the information found turns into meaningless text and further aggravates misunderstanding.
Of course, before writing, the course teacher must clarify all the relevant questions in one of the lectures. But most students often do not remember what was said in pairs.
In this article we will try to figure out whether the course work is really so terrible, and independent writing it is so hopeless. After all, any course work, you can safely write yourself, there would be a desire and time.
The first and possibly the most important step is getting the topic and tasks. After receiving the topic and the task, try to carefully examine the available baseline data and understand the essence of the work ahead. It is very important to find out what requirements are originally known. Next, review the guidelines. In well-designed training manuals, the description of actions is supported by concrete examples, often a step-by-step calculation process is encountered. In some universities, an example of such work can be asked from a teacher, which will significantly reduce the time for the independent development of the project structure.
Next, proceed to the work. Some recommendations will help save time and greatly simplify the preparation of the text.
Work with the program word. For many former students, this program has already opened as an adult, when they had to learn the basics of working with a computer. If 30 or 50 years ago, students were given the opportunity to use text editors, they could save several days spent on rewriting the final version of the term student. Modern students enough to open the word and start writing the text, copying or transferring it. Many actions in the program can be performed using the keyboard:
copy ctrl + c
paste ctrl + v
For the convenience of a more formal design, it is recommended to use the Styles tab. You may need to create several styles:
- primary (for writing text);
- heading 1, which will be the most basic in chapters, sections, etc .;
- heading 2, which is sub-heading 1;
- other headers if necessary.
For the convenience of users, the word program offers ready-made options for headings; you only need to change them a little. To do this, go to the “headers”, right-click click “change”. First you need to choose a visual view of both the text and the headings.
On the first page, select in the “formatting” tab the font that will be used for all text in the selected style. The most common requirement for universities is a font called Times New Roman. We choose its size, it can also be changed, for the main text it is 14, for headings from 14 and above, sometimes they are used for tables 12. In the same tab you can create visual effects: weight, italic or underline text. It is also important to set the alignment of the text, select the “justified alignment”.
After you have dealt with the main type of text, it is worth editing indents and spacing. To do this, select the tab “Format” – “Paragraph”:
- “Common” – justified in width,
- “Indent” – the first line, set to “indent”
- “Spacing” – line, set 1.5 lines.
These are the main requirements of universities for writing work. Now you don’t have to “read” the entire text every time and correct the jumping lines, the text under a certain style will be automatically edited. When you select these parameters for headings, then in the “before” and “after” intervals, select the spacing values, above the text of the heading and after, thus, you will not have to convulsively press the “Enter” key to increase the distance between them in the text. This greatly simplifies the task and saves time.
In writing large volumes of work, the task often arises to prepare a normal and complete content of the work, up to page numbering. To set the number of pages, we make a series of simple actions – double click the mouse at the bottom of the page before opening the header section. Above will be the tab “Designer”. At the bottom left select “page number”. Without pressing, a menu pops up, where you can choose where in the page the numbers should be located, regardless of the top or bottom location. After the selection is made, the work will be numbered.
To work with the content, we put the cursor on the place where the content of the work should be; select the “Links” tab. On the left you will see the item “Table of contents”. In the drop-down menu, select “Auto-assembled.” It displays all headers 1,2,3 with the page numbers on which they are located. This feature is very handy when you need to prepare the content of a large text.
Another little secret. When you press the Ctrl + F key combination, a very important window will appear on the left. We select the first “View Headers in Document” from the three tabs in it, and the headers also appear in the list. If you click on any of them, the program will move the cursor to the selected location. It is very convenient to move through the text using this function, and not to turn the mouse wheel for a few minutes.
In the course of work, using these recommendations, you will in any case encounter a number of questions and problems, but once you understand it, you will significantly reduce the time for further work with the program during the preparation of course and diploma projects.
In addition to the design of the text, you will inevitably have to solve other problems. For example, you may encounter unknown numbers or values in formulas. There are no random numbers. If you encounter an unknown in the formula, then:
The value is taken from the assignment
You calculated it earlier, take a look at the previous calculations and find a similar symbol or a similar description;
Read the description of the formula, it should be written, what is the value, where it comes from or what is accepted conditionally in this coursework;
If there is no such data, then find the appropriate standard, this formula and read the description in the source. Most likely you will find a suitable answer.
If all the recommendations did not help, then you can call fellow students or consult with the supervisor. All formulas and explanations presented in the manual, appear there not by chance. In order to understand which document was used, do not be lazy to look into the list of references at the end of the guidelines. In it you can find a list of all regulatory documents used within your specialization.
It is very useful for understanding the content to study diagrams, drawings, nodes. If a sketchbook is poorly drawn in the manual, then do not be lazy to copy the name of the picture and type it into the search engine. There you will find other pictures that match your search criteria, perhaps you can better understand the requirements by using them.
The main difficulty in writing a coursework lies only in the reluctance of a thorough analysis of similar work. If you follow these simple recommendations, then any coursework can be disassembled and subsequently even written.