Requirements for writing a scientific article primarily depend on where the finished text will be published. When it comes to college collections, student publications, and so on, the rules may not be as strict as in the case when it is planned to print the material in a serious academic journal.
For publication of scientific articles in publications recommended by the Higher Attestation Commission, the text of the study must meet strict requirements. Moreover, the requirements relate to both the content and appearance.
Requirements for writing a scientific article, the publication of which is planned in the journals of the list:
Not too long, capacious and clear name, reflecting the essence of the work.
Information about the author (full name, academic degrees and titles, place of study or work, city, country. Students indicate the data of their supervisor).
The text should contain a brief annotation.
List of keywords.
The main text of the study.
Writing a scientific article for a student collection or a serious scientific journal should be started by choosing a topic.
The task is not easy. The research topic must meet a number of mandatory requirements. It should be relevant, and the scientific community should be interested in solving the problems posed in the work. Another requirement for the topic of a scientific article is the novelty or difference of the study from other similar ones. Finally, the topic should be disclosed in a unique text.
Another recommendation is that you should not choose a very broad topic for a scientific article. Even if the subject of the study is global, an individual aspect of the article should be highlighted. The fact is that the volume of a scientific article is, as a rule, from 8 to 10 pages. It is necessary to be able to reveal the theme within this scope, as well as to observe the structure of the study.
The structure of the scientific article
The work on the structure should begin with the preparation of an article plan, which will help to logically build the text and not miss anything important. The plan will include the required elements of the structure of the text of the scientific article:
Introduction, which includes the stated purpose and objectives of the work, the justification of relevance and novelty.
The theoretical part.
The practical part or the results of research, experiments, calculations, the results of the application of techniques.
A conclusion in which it is necessary to write about the result with which the goal set at the beginning of the research was achieved.
List of specialized literature.
Where to publish a scientific article?
If we are talking about student research, then it makes sense to pay attention to the publications included in the list of scientific citation index, as well as to collections of articles published following student research conferences. For a graduate student applying for a scientific degree, the mandatory requirement will be publication in authoritative journals permitted by the list.